Friday, April 20, 2007

Feast days of the week 22-28 April, A.D. 2007 (1962 liturgical calendar).


Sunday, 22 April, 2007
Second Sunday after Easter (II)
"This Sunday is often called Good Shepherd Sunday: the Gospel tells us of the Good Shepherd. Jesus is indeed the Good Shepherd of our souls. He came to give His life for us."
Epistle: I Peter 2:21-25.
Gospel: John 10:11-16.

Ss. Soter and Caius, Popes, Martyrs (III)
"St. Soter was martyred in the second century under Marcus Aurelius A.D. 174, and St. Caius was put to death A.D. 296."
Epistle: I Peter 5:1-4, 10-11.
Gospel: Matthew 16:13-19.

Monday, 23 April, 2007
Ferial (IV)
Epistle: I Peter 2:21-25.
Gospel: John 10:11-16.

St. George, Martyr (Comm.)
"St. George, of an illustrious family, having reproached Diocletian for his cruelty, was subjected therefore to atrocious torments and was finally beheaded A.D. 304. He is venerated as the patron of Christian soldiers, and is the Patron of England."
Epistle: II Timothy 2:8-10; 3:10-12.
Gospel: Matthew 10:26-32.

Tuesday, 24 April, 2007
St. Fidelis of Sigmaringen, Martyr (III)
"St. Fidelis was at first 'the Advocate of the poor'. He then entered the Order of Friar Minors, preached the Word of God, and was stabbed to death by Protestant soldiers A.D. 1622."
Lesson: Wisdom 5:1-5.
Gospel: John 15:1-7.

Wednesday, 25 April, 2007
Greater Litanies (V)
"ROGATION DAYS: Earthquakes and other calamities afflicted the diocese of Vienne in Dauphiny (France) in the fifth century, and St. Mamertus, who was bishop of that Diocese, instituted a penitential procession with public supplications on the Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday before Ascension Day. In 816, Pope Leo III introduced it into Rome, and soon after it became a general observance throughout the Church.

The Litany of the Saints, the Psalms and Prayers sung during the Procession on these days are supplications: hence the name of Rogation Days (rogare, to ask) applies to them. The object of these rogation supplications is to appease the anger of God and avert the scourges of His justice, and to pray for the harvest.

A similar function is observed on April 25th, on the feast of St. Mark, but this is of Roman origin. It is called the Greater Litanies in contrast to the Lesser Litanies of the Rogation days; but in practice there is no difference between them, except that the Rogations may be transferred by the Bishop of the Diocese to three other continuous (sic) days which are more convenient according to local custom or need."
Epistle: James 5:16-20.
Gospel: Luke 11:5-13.

St. Mark the Evangelist (II)
"St. Mark was a disciple of St. Peter and the author of the second Gospel under the inspiration of the latter. He was martyred at Alexandria A.D. 80.

The Procession of the Greater Litanies, followed by the Rogation Mass, has no connection with the Feast of St. Mark as such. If St. Mark's Day is transferred, the Procession still takes place on April 25 unless Easter occurs that day, in which case the Litanies are observed the following Tuesday."

Lesson: Ezechiel 1:10-14.
Gospel: 10:1-9.

Thursday, 26 April, 2007
SS. Cletus and Marcellinus, Popes, Martyrs (III)
"St. Cletus, the third pope, was martyred under Domitian A.D. 91. St. Marcellinus was beheaded under Diocletian A.D. 304."
Epistle: I Peter 5:1-4, 10-11.
Gospel: Matthew 16:13-19.

Friday, 27 April, 2007
St. Peter Canisius, Confessor, Doctor (III)
"Peter Kanis, born at Nigmegen in Holland, after brilliant studies at Cologne and Louvain, entered the Company of Jesus, of which he is one of the chief glories. The wisdom of his controversy, his eloquent preaching, his instructive writings (for example the first Catechism) caused him to be called the Hammer of Protestantism. He died at Fribourg in Switzerland, A.D. 1597."
Epistle: II Timothy 4:1-8.
Gospel: Matthew 5:13-19.

Saturday, 28 April 2007
St. Paul of the Cross, Confessor (III)
"St. Paul all his life had a burning love for Jesus. He founded the Congregation of Passionists. He and his brethren were preaching 'the mystery of the Cross and of devotion to the Passion.' He died A.D. 1775."
Epistle: I Cor 1:17-25.
Gospel: Luke 10:1-9.

[1] Remarks are abstracted from The Daily Missal and Liturgical Manual, from Editio Typica of the Roman Missal and Breviary, 1962
(Baronius Press Limited, London, 2004, in conjunction with the Fraternal Society of St. Peter,

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