Friday, February 09, 2007

Feast days of the week 11-17 February 2007 (1962 liturgical calendar).


I. Prelude to the Season of Lent: Season after Septuagesima

"The Christmas Cycle celebrates the Mystery of the Incarnation. The Easter Cycle celebrates the Mystery of the Redemption and has the following subdivisions:

1. Season of Lent
2. Eastertide
3. After Whitsunday

I. - Season of Lent.
Introduced by three Sundays (Septuagesima, Sexagesima, and Quinquagesima), the season of Lent begins on Ash Wednesday and ends with the death of Jesus in Passion Week. The struggle between our Lord and Satan ends with the victory of the Savior at Eastertide. During the period from Septuagesima to Ash Wednesday, the liturgy speaks no more of our greatness but contemplates the misery of fallen humanity - the fatal consequences of original sin and actual sin - and the sacrifice that God asked from the faithful Melchisedech, symbol of the sacrifice that Jesus brings for the whole of humanity.

In this period we also prepare for the fasting and penance of the season of Lent. The season can be recapitulated with the words of the Preface of Lent: 'Who by this bodily fast dost curb our vices, lift our minds, and bestow strength and rewards.' Our souls are slaves of the Devil, flesh and the world. Jesus came into the world, not to be crowned king of the Jews, but to deliver us from this threefold bondage and to restore to us the divine life which we had lost.

The season of Lent ends with Passiontide (from Passion Sunday to Easter). The Judica me... and the Gloria Patri are omitted because the very ancient Masses of Passiontide date from an age before these prayers were added to the Roman Mass. The Liturgy commemorates the sorrowful events of the last week of Jesus' mortal life. On Thursday evening, He had the Last Supper with His Apostles, and on the following day He was crucified on Calvary.

'Who didst establish the salvation of mankind on a tree of the Cross, that whence death came thence also life might arise again, and that we, who were overcome by a tree, by a tree might also overcome.'

The struggle between our Lord and Satan ends with the apparent success of Satan on Good Friday. The priests are robed in vestments of mourning, and the whole Church wears an aspect of sadness. But by the sacrifice of Himself, the Son of God triumphs and gloriously comes forth from the sepulchre on Easter morning."

Sunday, 11 February, 2007
Sexagesima Sunday
"The three Sundays preceding Ash Wednesday are called Septuagesima, Sexagesima, and Quinquagesima, which mean, respectively, the seventieth, sixtieth, and fiftieth day, that is, before Easter. They are mere names to correspond with the name of Lent (Quadragesima in Latin: fortieth); obviously they do not actually correspond with the period they indicate.

Man, victim of the sin of Adam and of his own sins, is justly afflicted, groans and sorrows encompass him.

On these Sundays the Gloria in excelsis and Alleluia are omitted, except when the Mass of a feast is said, and the purple vestments are used in preparation for Lent."

Epistle: II Cor 11:19-33; 12:1-9.
Gospel: Luke:4-15.

Monday, 12 February, 2007
The Seven Holy Founders of the Servite Order, Confessors
“Seven noble Florentines founded in 1233 the Order of Servites of the Blessed Virgin Mary. The Servites led an austere life, meditating constantly on the Passion of Our Lord and venerating the Blessed Virgin as Our Lady of Sorrows.”
Lesson: Ecclesiasticus 44:1-15.
Gospel: Matt 27-29.

Tuesday, 13 February 2007
Epistle: II Cor 11:19-33; 12:1-9.
Gospel: Luke:4-15.

Wednesday, 14 February 2007
Commemoration of St. Valentine, Priest, Martyr
"This holy Poman priest assisted with other pious Christians a great number of maryrs. He was beheaded under Aurelian, A.D. 270.”
Lesson: Wisdom 10:10-14.
Gospel: Matt 10:34-42.

Thursday, 15 February 2007
Commemoration os SS. Faustinus and Jovita, Martyrs.
"SS. Faustinus and Jovita were brothers of noble origin. After having suffered various tortures, they were beheaded at Brescia A.D. 117."
Epistle: Heb 10:32-38.
Gospel: Luke 12:1-8.

Friday, 16 February 2007
Epistle: II Cor 11:19-33; 12:1-9.
Gospel: Luke:4-15.

Saturday, 17 February 2007
Our Lady's Saturday
Lesson: Ecclesiasticus 24:14-16.
Gospel: John 19:25-27.

[1] Remarks are abstracted from The Daily Missal and Liturgical Manual, from Editio Typica of the Roman Missal and Breviary, 1962
(Baronius Press Limited, London, 2004, in conjunction with the Fraternal Society of St. Peter,

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